How to prevent HIV from spreading?
My partner has HIV. What precautions do I need to take?
Do not need to stress. With proper precautions and information, couples or sexual partners can reduce or prevent HIV risk from transmitting to healthier person:
- Consult a doctor and get advice on preventive measures like PrEP (Pre-exposure prophylaxis) and PEP (Post exposure prophylaxis) that reduce the risk of HIV.
- Make sure your partner is taking regular medication and treatment for HIV. People who aren’t on HIV treatment will have higher concentration of the virus in their bodily fluids, making it more likely to pass it on to a sexual partner. People living with HIV taking proper medication, undergoing HIV treatment and Antiretroviral therapy (ART) will usually have less of the virus in their bloodstream and consequently reduced risk of transmission.
- Please consistently use of condoms with lubricants is a must.
- Get tested regularly (every 3-6 months) is crucial for you to keep a check on your HIV status.
- Do not avoid intimacy! Couples dealing with HIV should be aware of the risk of transmission (unsafe activities elimination/reduction)
- Hugging, kissing, and touching are all safe activities — so Give love!
Can I not have sex if I am HIV positive?
Of course, you can! And you can have sex without any fear of transmitting HIV to the partner if you are practicing safe sex. Also, if you are taking regular ART, then in a few months’ time the ART will make your viral load undetectable which makes HIV transmission highly unlikely.
I am Positive. How do I prevent my partner from getting HIV?
When one of the partners is HIV positive and the other is negative, such a couple is called a ‘sero-discordant couple’. There are numerous ways of enjoying a healthy sexual relationship with a HIV negative partner without having the risk of transmitting the HIV virus to him.
- Regular HIV medications (ART): When the positive partner takes ART regularly, every day, without fail, then his viral load will be undetectable in a few months. With undetectable viral load, the risk of transmission of HIV through sex is very small. But do remember, the positive partner must be very regular with his medicines. This approach is called as TasP: treatment as prevention. Treatment of HIV in the positive partner is working as a preventive measure for the negative partner.
- Condoms: Condoms along with regular ART can further minimize the risk of HIV along with protecting from other STDs. Buy Now
- PrEP: PrEP for the negative partner is another option if the positive partner is not undetectable or is not regular on treatment. Please remember PrEP along with condoms is more efficacious than PrEP alone.
- PEP: If there is an accidental high-risk exposure in a sero-discordant couple, such as a condom rupture, you could go and see a doctor immediately to avail PEP. Please remember if your partner is on regular medications and is undetectable, PEP is not indicated.
- Combination: Combination of the above methods (such as ART + condoms + PrEP) can significantly reduce the risk of HIV transmission if the positive partner is not undetectable.