What are the major STDs that I must know of?

What are the major STDs that I must know of?

There are many kinds of STDs that have been known to cause illness in humans. The common ones are listed here-

  • HIV or Human immunodeficiency virus
    • Symptoms: Starts as a flu like illness with fever, head ache, body ache, cold. Soon becomes better on its own and then for many years is without symptoms. When body becomes very weak after many years may have other problems like TB, Loose motion, Chest infection and other infections.
    • Diagnosed by: Blood test.
    • Treatment: Everyday single tablet.
  • Syphilis
    • Symptoms: Sores on penis or around penis, around anus or around mouth; rash on skin including palms and soles; swollen glands in groin.
    • Diagnosed by: Blood test or swab test from a sore.
    • Treatment: Injection of antibiotics.
  • Gonorrhoea
    • Symptoms: Yellow or green pus like discharge from penis, pain while passing urine, need to pass urine more frequently, pain in the anus, pain during passing stools.
    • Diagnosed by: Swab test from penis or anus or urine test.
    • Treatment: Antibiotics
  • Chlamydia
    • Symptoms: Watery or turbid discharge from penis, pain while passing urine, lower abdominal/stomach pain, pain in anus, pain in testis
    • Diagnosed by: Urine test or Swab test from penis or anus.
    • Treatment: antibiotics.
  • Hepatitis
    • Symptoms: Flu-like illness with fever, body aches, cold etc.; nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite. Later jaundice.
    • Diagnosed by: Blood test.
    • Treatment:
      • Hepatitis A = Gets better on its own.
      • Hepatitis B = May get better on its own or may require antiviral medications.
      • Hepatitis C = Requires antiviral medications
  • Herpes
    • Symptoms: Small blisters or sores or rash around penis or anus or mouth that are painful, itchy or tingle.
    • Diagnosed by: Physical examination, swab test from mouth or penis or from the blister.
    • Treatment: antiviral medications if the condition doesn’t clear on its own.
  • Genital warts
    • Symptoms: Brown or flesh colored, rough looking bumps around penis and anus that may be itchy. Painless.
    • Diagnosed by: Visible to the eye.
    • Treatment: Medical removal of the warts.
  • Pubic lice
    • Symptoms: itching around the private parts, usually worse at night, black spots in your underwear, small spots of blood on the skin near your private parts, visible lice or its eggs
    • Diagnosed by: Examination
    • Treatment: Medicated lotions and shampoos

How do I know if I have HIV/ an STD?

If you are a person who is sexually active then you are at risk of having HIV or an STD. The only certain way of knowing if you have an STD/HIV or not is to get tested for them. Most of the STDs including HIV may not have any symptoms for a long time.